What is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease commonly characterized by severe ulceration and inflammation of the lining of the large intestine. According to the Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America, ulcerative colitis accounted for nearly 107,000 emergency hospitalizations in 2010.

Patients with ulcerative colitis typically experience severe diarrhea. Stools may contain blood and/or mucus. Associated abdominal pain, cramping, fever, night sweats, eye pain, joint pain, skin rash and anemia may occur.

Can Ulcerative Colitis be Treated?
Ulcerative colitis is commonly diagnosed with a colonoscopy procedure or biopsy of the lining of the colon. Treatment is dependent upon symptom severity and extent of colon involvement. Disease is limited to the lower colon or rectum may be treated with medicated suppositories and enemas. However, ulcerative colitis of the entire colon may require aggressive treatment such as immunomodulatory drugs, biologics or surgery.

Interested in Learning More?
In the decades since ulcerative colitis was identified, significant advances have been made in understanding these chronic inflammatory diseases. For additional questions or concerns, please contact your primary care provider. When specialized treatment is required, choose Regional Gi. Contact us today!